From East Germany, parallels can be drawn across Europe and America, with automation and outsourcing displacing comparable demographic groups in Italy, France, the UK, and America.
Most cities in the state do not have a formal system of waste collection. Given this context, the work of wastepickers is extremely valuable for the environment, though it is performed under precarious and hazardous working conditions.
COVID-19 has subjected the Central American population in irregular migratory conditions to renewed structures of discrimination.
The crisis unleashed by COVID-19 reveals and intensifies the violence, hierarchies and structural roots of the oppression, exploitation and inequality of the colonial capitalist patriarchy.
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated these pre-existing decent work deficits in the domestic work sector, particularly in developing countries.
The pandemic was an intense experience, one that underscores that opportunities and limits of record-based social protection systems in a country with high levels of informality.
In Latin America and Africa, the pandemic crisis has worsened pre-existing vulnerabilities, while also creating new forms of social inequalities.
This special issue presents a range of cases studies from Latin America and Africa, in sectors as diverse as domestic and care workers, waste pickers, migrants and refugees.
A host of cultural and institutional factors has created an environment of complacency and lack of compliance. In which case, the third wave of the pandemic will be more tragic than anything we can conceive.